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语法突破----名词

2011-04-22 18:04:09
分类:语法突破

重点语法考点突破

名词

[真题再现]

(注:本练习中将全国各地高考题中的选择题改编成了填空题。)

使用所给词的适当形式填空:

1.       Most air pollution is caused by the burning of ____ (fuel) like coal, gas and oil.

2.       The young man made a ______ (promise) to his parents that he would try to earn his own living after graduation.

3.       One thousand dollars a month is not a fortune but would help cover my living ________ (expensive).

4.       ----You are always full of ________(energetic). Could you tell me the secret?

---- Taking plenty of ________ (exercise) every day.

5.       ---- If you like I can do some shopping for you.

---- That’s a very kind ______ (offer).

6.       To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their _______ (strong) and ______(weak).

7.       His _____ (able) of identify numbers surprised everyone present.

8.       According to the WHO, health care plans are needed in all big ______ (city) to prevent the spread of AIDS.

9. Of the seven days in a week, Saturday is said to be the most popular ______ (choose) for a wedding in some countries.

10. According to the news report, personal _______ (possess) of guns in the USA causes a lot of trouble.

 

[考点归纳]

1.  做语法填空题很重要的一点就是要建立词类和句子成分之间的关联。名词在句子中的作用是可以充当主语、宾语、表语、定语、补语、同位语等成分。我们做句子结构分析时,若发现句子空格处缺少这类成分时,我们就要考虑是不是要填一个名词。

2.  熟练掌握构词法中构成名词的一些常见词缀,能帮助我们迅速根据词根写出正确的名词形式。例如:develop - development; conclude – conclusion; warm – warmth; strong – strength; kind – kindness; safe – safetyflexible – flexibility

3.  在具体的语境中根据意义区分可数名词和不可数名词,该名词用作可数名词时要注意单复数形式。这一点是很多考生容易忽略的,要特别留意。

 

[精题模拟]

A单句填空 使用所给词的正确形式填空:

1.       The ______ (express) on his face told me that he was angry.

2.       Always read the ______ (instruct) on the bottle carefully and take the right amount of medicine.

3.       The head office of China Bank is in Beijing, but it has ______ (branch) all over the country.

4.       Niagara Falls is a great tourist ________ (attract), drawing millions of visitors every year.

5.       Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his _______ (strong).

6.       He did not go to the wedding ceremony because of his ________ (ill).

7.       She greeted the little boy with ________ (warm), waving her hand.

8.       Life is not a  ________ (compete), but a trip, step by step.

9.       Those who can not spare time for ________ (entertain) will sooner or later spare time for diseases.

10.   Beijing is the largest medicine ________ (consume) market in China.

11.   My choices and ________ (possible) are expanding every day.

12.   We take ______ (proud) in the prosperity of our country.

13.   _______ (repeat) of the sentence helped him to memorize it.

14.   I have a  _______ (believe) that I must do my best everyday.

15.   Here we have ______ (free) to disagree with our government.

 

B. 语法填空

阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空。

There is an old famous saying that “in this world nothing is certain ___1__ death and tax.” Many people today would agree with this statement. Even the people ___2__ lived more than four thousand years ago in ancient Egypt might agree!

Egyptian tomb paintings depict scenes from daily life. In a tomb ___3___(date) back to about 2400 B.C., scenes show tax collectors at work, including handing out   4   (punish) for failure to pay taxes.

When the ancient Romans began to rule Egypt in 300 B.C., taxation grew   5   (bad). The Romans kept careful records of every taxpayer----and they recorded all births, making sure that   6   future taxpayer escaped. The Romans taxed everything they could think of ----land, crops, goods. A tax  7  (pay) on every animal a person owned. People paid taxes to work at a trade or craft. Males ___8____ the ages of fourteen and sixty paid a tax just for being male. So __9   you hear people complain about taxes today, you can tell them that they’re  10  (luck) they didn’t live in ancient times.

 

 

 

参考答案

[真题再现]

1. fuels; 2. promise; 3. expenses; 4. energy, exercise; 5. offer; 6.strengths, weaknesses; 7. abilities; 8. cities; 9. choice; 10. possession

[精题模拟]

A. 单句填空 1. expression; 2. instructions; 3. branches; 4. attraction; 5. strength; 6. illness; 7. warmth; 8, competition; 9. entertainment; 10. consumption; 11. possibilities; 12. pride; 13. Repetition; 14. belief; 15. freedom

B. 语法填空答案及解析:

1but/except。固定搭配nothing but/except

2who/that。空格的地方缺少引导定语从句的连接代词。

3dating。动词-ing形式作定语。

4punishment。空格地方缺少宾语。punish名词形式是punishment

5worse。根据语境意义,这里要用形容词的比较级。

6no。名词future前缺少限定成分,根据意义,这里用no

7was paid。这里考查谓语部分,这里用一般过去时态被动形式。

8between。这里考查介词用法。表示1460岁之间,用between

9when/if。考查连词的用法。根据语境,这里可以理解为条件或时间状语从句。

10lucky。形容词作表语。

 

 

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